Dentistry, also known as dental medicine and oral medicine, is the branch of medicine that focuses on teeth, gums, and mouth. It involves the study, diagnosis, prevention, management and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity, most commonly focused on dentition (the development and arrangement of teeth), as well as the oral mucosa.
Dentistrymay also include other aspects of the craniofacial complex, such as the temporomandibular joint. The doctor who specializes in this field is known as a dentist.
Good oral health is essential for overall wellbeing. Dentists are trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of conditions that affect the teeth, gums and mouth. They can provide preventive care such as regular check-ups and cleanings, as well as restorative treatments such as fillings and crowns. They can also perform cosmetic procedures such as teeth whitening and veneers.
In addition, dentists can diagnose and treat more serious conditions such as gum disease, tooth decay and oral cancer. Dentists use a variety of tools to diagnose and treat dental problems. These include x-rays, dental drills, lasers and other specialized instruments. They may also prescribe medications to treat infections or pain.
Good oral hygiene is essential for maintaining healthy teeth and gums. This includes brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily and visiting the dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings. Eating a balanced diet that is low in sugar can also help to prevent tooth decay. Dentistry is an important part of overall health care.
It is important to find a dentist who you feel comfortable with and who can provide quality care. Regular visits to the dentist can help to prevent serious dental problems from developing.