Oral health is an important part of overall health and wellbeing. It refers to the health of the teeth, gums, and the entire oral-facial system that allows us to smile, talk, and chew. Unfortunately, many people suffer from oral health diseases, such as tooth decay, gum disease, oral infectious diseases, and oral cancer. Fortunately, there are ways to prevent these diseases and maintain good oral health.
The most common oral health diseases are tooth decay, gum disease, oral infectious diseases, and oral cancer. Tooth decay is caused by bacteria forming a film called plaque on the surface of teeth. The bacteria produce acids from sugars in food that corrode and damage the enamel or outer layer of the tooth. If left untreated, it can cause damage to the dentin layer underneath the enamel.
Dental care for tooth decay includes fillings, crowns, root canals, extractions followed by dental implants or dentures. Gum disease is caused by plaque buildup and is also known as periodontal disease. Common symptoms are red, swollen, and easily bleeding gums. Other risk factors include tobacco use, pregnancy, and diabetes.
If left untreated, gingivitis can develop into a more serious form of gum disease called periodontitis. Dental care for periodontitis includes topical antibiotics to treat the infection or a referral to a periodontist. Oral infectious diseases include geographic tongue and burning mouth syndrome. Geographic tongue is a common condition that can appear on the top and sides of the tongue, and sometimes on the lower surface.
Burning mouth syndrome can be an extremely uncomfortable condition that can have several potential causes. Oral cancer is a serious condition that can be caused by smoking or chewing tobacco products. It is important to have regular checkups with your dentist to detect any signs of oral cancer early on. Brushing and flossing regularly (twice a day) helps prevent tooth decay and gum disease.
In addition, using a toothpaste or mouthwash designed for sensitive teeth can help reduce sensitivity caused by thin enamel layers. Regular checkups with your dentist are also important for detecting any signs of oral cancer early on. Other preventive measures include avoiding sugary foods and drinks that can cause damage to teeth and using products like the Coral Pink toothbrush by Bambooth which is designed for both adults and children with the handle made of 100% biodegradable muse bamboo. Chewing Wrigley Extra Mega Chewing Gum is also beneficial to dental health as it helps neutralize plaque acids after eating or drinking anything sugary. It is important to remember that oral conditions are often considered separate from other chronic conditions but they are actually interrelated. Public health strategies such as community-based water fluoridation programs and school sealants are safe and effective interventions that have been proven to prevent tooth decay. Always seek the advice of your dentist or other qualified healthcare provider if you have any questions about a medical condition or treatment.